Kids and Back To School Anxiety: How To Shrink It Down To Size
As the start of the school year approaches, have you seen your first
grader go into meltdown mode at the mention of school, or watched your
soon-to-be kindergartner regress back to baby talking and thumb sucking? Rest
assured that you're not alone. Each fall, millions of parents deal with their
children's beginning-of-the-year anxiety. For younger children starting
school-whether it's pre-school, kindergarten, or a transition into the first or
second grade-having a grown-up lean down and say, "How exciting, you're starting
school soon," can be similar to telling an adult they're going to be scaling Mt.
Everest next week!
And the fears children have about school can be
very real: they may be apprehensive about separating from their parents, riding
the school bus, or meeting a new teacher. The emotions your child experiences
before the start of school can also lead to a general sense of anxiety-a feeling
most children won't be able to articulate.
It's important to remember that when placed in any new situation, all children
(and parents, too) are going to need to take time to adjust. Realize that your
child will require a period of time to figure out their comfort zone and what's
required for them to fit in to their new environment. Fortunately, there are
steps you can take as a parent to make the prospect less daunting-the key is to
prepare your child both emotionally and physically so that they can have the
best start possible this school year.
Take away as Many "Unknowns" as Possible
One way you can help ease your child's anxiety is to show them what their school
year will look like. Anxiety often feeds on fear of the unknown, so try a common
sense approach to take away as many of these from the equation as possible. A
few weeks before school starts, consider doing the following:
* Talk to your child about what they're going to be doing in the upcoming school
year. If your child is starting school for the first time, see if there's a
kindergarten orientation or a way to meet their teacher before school begins.
Whether they're starting a new elementary school or going back to the same one,
go explore it with your child. Review where their class will be, visit the
cafeteria, the library or the art room. Take them to the playground (with a
friend who'll be going to their school, if possible) to help them get adjusted
and feel comfortable at the school. Give your child a "preview" of the new faces
and places they'll be seeing. This can help to "right size" the school in your
child's mind and take the fear and mystery out of it.
* Many schools post their school itineraries online so parents can review what
their children will be learning, what activities they'll engage in, and what fun
things they may do during the year. Use this information to get your child
excited about school.
* Talk about your own school days, the fun activities you loved, and what made
your school experience special. Kids love to hear stories from their parents' childhood because it helps normalize any difficult feelings they are
experiencing. (As an added benefit, I've found that these talks with my own
children have become a springboard for them to ask questions about their own
hopes and fears concerning school.)
"But Who Will I Play with at Recess?"
Many kids, even those aged 7 and younger, initially experience anxiety over how
they will handle social situations in the new school year. They may worry that
they won't have anyone to eat lunch with or play with at recess, or they might
be afraid-and rightfully so? of last year's class bully. Try the following tips
to help your child feel comfortable in social settings at school:
* If your child hasn't seen school friends over the summer, it isn't too late to
invite them over to help your child get re-acquainted with them and excited for
school. Visits to the park, pool, or movies with old friends-and new ones,
too-can make your child feel more comfortable when they encounter their peers at
* Try doing some role plays with your child to help ease their fears. For
example, if you discover that your child is afraid of riding the school bus, set
up an area in the house and do a "pretend" ride to school. Take turns being the
bus driver, your child, or his or her classmates. Come up with ideas together to
make riding the bus a less scary prospect.
* If your child was in school last year, talk to them about any social
situations that caused them stress. Reviewing strategies on how to handle
bullies or other negative social situations can relieve the tension your child
may have prior to school beginning. Remind them of their options when another
child is bullying them. For example, they can walk away from the situation,
inform the teacher, or yell loudly, "Stop it, I don't like that!" (And as a
parent, don't forget to talk with your child's teacher about any classroom
policies they might have regarding bullying.)
* If your child bullied others or acted out in the classroom, set up some
guidelines for what you expect of him or her socially this year, along with
consequences of what will happen if he does not comply. Equally important,
create a list of possible rewards for improved behavior. Remind your child that
this is a new year and express your confidence that he or she will behave better
now that they're a year older.
If Your Child's Anxiety Persists
It's not uncommon to do all the right things and still have a young child who
will have a bad case of the nerves-or even more extreme anxiety-before they
begin the school year. Many kids will report physical symptoms such as a stomach
or head ache. Others will regress to earlier behaviors, including thumb sucking
or wetting the bed, while other kids may act out aggressively, fighting a lot
with siblings, or talking back to their parents. Keep in mind that the age of
your child offers no reassurance that they will experience less anxiety. Whether
you have a tender-hearted preschooler beginning school for the first time, or an
outgoing child entering first grade, each may experience nervousness and stress
at the beginning of school. Here are some ways you can talk to your child to
help reduce their fears:
* Know that a child starting pre-school for the first time may experience more
anxiety than an older child. In simple terms, tell them that everyone will be
new-and is feeling the same way they are! Promise your little one a special
surprise after their first day. This can include a small toy, a new book, or
special time with a parent. To normalize your child's feelings, remind them that
everyone, including other students and even their teacher, feels a little
nervous on their first day-or even throughout their first week-of school. If you
can, talk about your own experiences of being scared about school and what your
fears were when you were young.
* Allow your kids to talk about their fears and give them reassurance that this
is normal. With some kids, you may have to probe a little: Are they afraid they
won't get a nice teacher? Are they nervous about not having any friends? Does
the school work scare them? Whatever it is, continue to emphasize that all
children have these fears and they are not alone.
* Try coaching your child in problem solving. For instance, if they're afraid to
ask the teacher questions, do role plays together on how to speak up in class.
For shy children, you can also practice the art of social skills together: role
play introducing yourself to peers, sharing, and using words (instead of
hitting, grabbing or pinching) when you interact with others. If your child is
scared of school work, talk about ways you will help them when they get home.
Let them know how they can work on areas that they struggle with (like reading
out loud or spelling) and ask, "What would be helpful for you when it comes to
* If the first couple of months of school pass and your child still exhibits
signs of difficulty adjusting, begin by talking with his or her teacher to see
if there are things you can do together to ease their anxiety. If it still
persists, talk to your pediatrician about what your options are.
I also advise parents to make the first week of school a special event for your
family. If both parents work outside the home, consider adjusting your work
schedule for that first week (if at all possible) to make your child's
transition smoother. Research shows that the first week of school is really
tough for kids, no matter the age. Younger kids going through a lot of new and
challenging experiences need to feel secure at the beginning of the school year
to help them adjust appropriately for the rest of the year. It would be a good
idea for a parent or trusted caregiver to be home after school during the first
week to talk with your child, but this may not always be possible. If not, set
aside a time in the evenings to discuss how your child's day went and to listen
to any concerns. Other ways to celebrate the first week include having family
meals together, making your kids? favorite foods for dinner, packing special
notes in their lunch, or going out together as a family for ice cream after
Going to school offers a wide range of emotions for parents as well as children.
Whether it's dread or excitement, fear or euphoria, all of these feelings can be
bottled up inside our kids. Remember that any one symptom of distress does not
cement a child's fate or mean that their school year will be a failure. All
kids, at some point in their academic career, will struggle, so try hard not to
view their setbacks or anxiety as a permanent threat to their school career.
Every year that your child goes through school will be filled with highs and
lows, good moments and devastating ones. However, through encouragement, support
and keeping your finger on the pulse of you child's emotions, you are laying the
groundwork for their future success in school.
"Young Kids and Back To School Anxiety: How To
Shrink It Down To Size" was reprinted with permission from Empowering Parents.
by Dr. Joan Simeo Munson, Ph.D
Joan Simeo Munson has a Ph.D. in Counseling
Psychology and is the co-author of the forthcoming 50 Plus One Great Life
Lessons to Teach Your Children. Over the years, Dr. Munson has worked with
incarcerated individuals, families, adolescents, and college students in a
variety of settings, including county and city jails, community mental health
centers, university counseling centers, and hospitals. She also has a background
in individual, group, and couples counseling. Dr. Munson received her Ph.D. from
The University of Denver, her Master of Arts degree in Community Counseling from
George Washington University, and her Bachelor of Arts degree in Sociology from
the University of Illinois. Dr. Munson lives in the Boulder area with her
husband and three energetic children, ages ten, eight, and five.